Download A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Stuart Macintyre PDF

By Stuart Macintyre

Australia is the final continent to be settled by means of Europeans, however it additionally sustains a humans and a tradition tens of hundreds of thousands years outdated. for a lot of the earlier 2 hundred years the newbies have sought to exchange the previous with the hot. This ebook tells how they imposed themselves at the land, and taken expertise, associations and concepts to make it their very own. It relates the development from penal colony to a filthy rich loose country and illustrates how, as a kingdom created by means of waves of rookies, the quest for binding traditions used to be lengthy pissed off through the sensation of rootlessness, until eventually it got here to phrases with its origins. The 3rd version of this acclaimed booklet recounts the main components - social, monetary and political - that experience formed modern day Australia. It covers the increase and fall of the Howard govt, the 2007 election and the apology to the stolen new release. greater than ever sooner than, Australians draw at the earlier to appreciate their destiny.

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Extra resources for A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories)

Sample text

Phillip and his officers were therefore surprised by the number of Aborigines round the settlement. They quickly came to appreciate that these people had social organisation, settled localities, custom­ ary law and property rights. The whole claim of sovereignty and ownership on the basis of vacancy was manifestly based on a mis­ reading of Australian circumstances, but his instructions did not allow for recognition of prior occupancy. The Aboriginal inhabi­ tants of Australia were deemed to be in a state of nature without government, law or property.

How might the desolation of separation from loved ones, the lack of recourse from arbitrary decision and the sheer hopelessness of fate be tallied? From the earliest years some convicts simply bolted into the bush or ventured onto the ocean in frail craft. George Bass, the surgeon and sailor who in I 797 first navigated the strait (named after him) that separated Van Diemen's Land from the mainland, found five escapees marooned on an island there and set them back on the shore to walk the 700 kilometres to Sydney.

Pervaded every part of this settlement'; Hunter himself reported that 'a more wicked, abandoned and irreligious set of peo­ ple have never been brought together in any part of the world' . For Jeremy Bentham, the penal reformer who was pressing the British government to adopt his scheme of building a new kind of prison there, one designed so that the inmates could be brought to pen­ itence by constant supervision, the scheme of transportation was deficient in both economy and moral effectiveness.

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