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By Jeffrey Grey

An army background of Australia presents an in depth chronological narrative of Australia's wars throughout greater than 200 years, set within the contexts of defence and strategic coverage, the improvement of society and the effect of warfare and army carrier on Australia and Australians. It discusses the improvement of the defense force as associations and examines the connection among governments and armed forces coverage. This publication is a revised and up-to-date variation of 1 of the main acclaimed overviews of Australian army heritage to be had. it's the simply entire, single-volume therapy of the position and improvement of Australia's army and their involvement in battle and peace around the span of Australia's smooth heritage. It concludes with attention of Australian involvement in its sector and extra broadly because the terrorist assaults of September eleven and the waging of the worldwide battle on terror.

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The Governor of Victoria, Captain Sir Charles Hotham, RN, ordered the purchase of a steamship, HMCS Victoria, for the defence of the colony. The advent of war saw the passing in 1854 of a Volunteer Act in Victoria, leading to the formation of several volunteer rifle units in Melbourne and Geelong and a volunteer Yeomanry Cavalry Corps. An Act was passed in New South Wales also for the raising of a battery of artillery, a troop of yeomanry and a battalion of rifles, to be drawn from ‘highly respectable classes of persons’.

The 40th Regiment, for example, spent almost the whole of its first period of service – between 1824 and 1829 – in Tasmania, embarking for service in India in the latter year; in its second period, between 1852 and 1860, it was based in Melbourne and acted as an escort for the gold dispatched from the goldfields to Melbourne, and maintained law and order on the diggings. In this capacity it was involved in the armed mˆel´ee at Eureka near Ballarat in December 1854, acting in aid to the civil power and in support of the police in putting down the miners.

In any case, wars are not won by guerrilla methods alone. Aboriginal people often selected economic targets, such as livestock, crops and buildings, in their attempt to drive back white settlement but, if this was a strategy it was deeply flawed, since it provoked the Europeans without really altering the balance of military force. One observer in 1839, during the Wiradjuri wars along the Murrumbidgee, thought it ‘not an open fight, but a regular guerrilla warfare’. Stock losses were certainly high.

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