By Leanne Bablitz
What could you spot if you happen to attended a tribulation in a court within the early Roman empire? What used to be the behaviour of litigants, advocates, judges and viewers? It was once established for Roman contributors out of common curiosity to wait many of the courts held in public locations within the urban centre and as such, the Roman courts held a huge place within the Roman group on a sociological point in addition to a litigious one. This publication considers many elements of Roman courts within the first centuries advert, either civil and felony, and illuminates the interplay of Romans of each social crew. Actors and viewers within the Roman court is a vital source for classes on Roman social historical past and Roman legislation as a historic phenomenon.
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Extra resources for Actors and Audience in the Roman Courtroom (Monographs in Classical Studies)
The question arose of how the courts in Puteoli or Herculaneum knew exactly on which days and at what hours the praetors of Rome would be in session. 76 In this way, even if the praetor was not meeting at that specific time, or if he was too overloaded to hear that case on the given day, the parties would be able to fulfill their legal obligation. These various rendezvous locations raise two additional issues. Realizing that the praetor may not be presiding at the time specified, disputants may have set their meeting using architectural features of the Forum of Augustus.
From Cicero’s writings we have an understanding of the public procedure in the late republican period. 112 For our present discussion, it is clear that a trial in a quaestio before the full panel of judges was preceded by two or perhaps even three hearings. The first step consisted of the postulatio. A party approached the praetor or the iudex quaestionis in charge of the appropriate quaestio and asked for permission to prosecute. If multiple accusers were seeking permission, a divinatio was held at which it was determined who would win the right.
Why choose “the altar of Mars Ultor” when the “Temple of Mars Ultor” is substantially more prominent? Would the statue of Diana or Sentius Saturninus, which we find in the vadimonia, have been any more prominent than the statues of Q. Fabius Maximus or C. 78 Size and uniqueness could be an explanation. The altar of Mars Ultor was clearly smaller than the temple itself and so reduced the chances of the two parties missing one another. We can assume that there were far fewer statues of women, human or divine, in the forum.