# Download Approximation Algorithms and Semidefinite Programming by Jiri Matousek, Bernd Gärtner PDF

By Jiri Matousek, Bernd Gärtner

Semidefinite courses represent one of many greatest sessions of optimization difficulties that may be solved with moderate potency - either in idea and perform. They play a key function in various examine components, corresponding to combinatorial optimization, approximation algorithms, computational complexity, graph thought, geometry, actual algebraic geometry and quantum computing. This publication is an advent to chose points of semidefinite programming and its use in approximation algorithms. It covers the fundamentals but additionally an important quantity of modern and extra complex material.   there are numerous computational difficulties, corresponding to MAXCUT, for which one can't kind of count on to acquire an actual resolution successfully, and in such case, one has to accept approximate options. For MAXCUT and its kinfolk, interesting contemporary effects recommend that semidefinite programming is one of the final device. certainly, assuming the original video games Conjecture, a believable yet as but unproven speculation, it was once proven that for those difficulties, recognized algorithms in line with semidefinite programming bring the very best approximation ratios between all polynomial-time algorithms.   This booklet follows the “semidefinite side” of those advancements, featuring many of the major principles in the back of approximation algorithms in accordance with semidefinite programming. It develops the elemental conception of semidefinite programming, provides one of many recognized effective algorithms intimately, and describes the foundations of a few others. additionally it is functions, concentrating on approximation algorithms.

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Additional info for Approximation Algorithms and Semidefinite Programming

Example text

N, we get n ϑ(G) ≤ ϑ(U) ≤ max 1 i=1 (cT ui )2 = t˜, which completes the proof, since we may choose t˜ arbitrarily close to ϑ (G). 7 The Sandwich Theorem and Perfect Graphs We know that ϑ(G) is bounded below by α(G), the independence number of the graph G. But we can also bound ϑ(G) from above in terms of another graph parameter. 7) for ϑ(G). 1 Definition. Let G = (V, E) be a graph. (i) A clique in G is a subset K ⊆ V of vertices such that {v, w} ∈ E for all distinct v, w ∈ K. The clique number ω(G) of G is the size of a largest clique in G.

Formulate this problem as the feasibility of a semideﬁnite program. (b) Let us call a polynomial p(x) ∈ R[x] nonnegative if p(x) ≥ 0 for all x ∈ R. Obviously, a sum of squares is nonnegative. Prove that the converse holds as well: Every nonnegative univariate polynomial is a sum of squares. ) (c) Let p(x) ∈ R[x] be a given polynomial. Express its global minimum min{p(t) : t ∈ R} as the optimum of a suitable semideﬁnite program (use (b) and a suitable extension of (a)). 8 (Sums of squares and minimization II) (a) Now let p(x1 , .

3 Show that the outer product Cholesky factorization can also be used to test whether a matrix M ∈ Rn×n is positive semideﬁnite. 4 A rank-constrained semideﬁnite program is a problem of the form Maximize C • X subject to A(X) = b X 0 rank(X) ≤ k, where k is a ﬁxed integer. Show that the problem of solving a rank-constrained semideﬁnite program is NP-hard for k = 1. 5 A matrix M ∈ Rn×n is called a Euclidean distance matrix if there exist n points p1 , . . 6 The Complexity of Solving Semidefinite Programs mij = pi − pj 2 , 25 1 ≤ i, j ≤ m.