By Jeylan T. Mortimer;Kathleen T. Call
Early life is a time while the social international expands, a time of accelerating engagement past the family members sphere to the college, the peer team, and the place of work. those contexts could current stories that vary significantly of their tone and content material, both contributing to or hindering pride and a favorable experience of self. This e-book examines how the constellation of stressors and rewards in a number of lifestyles domain names affects adolescent adjustment. The theoretical framework is Simmons' "arena of comfort": a context for people to chill and to rejuvenate, in order that in all likelihood demanding alterations and reviews in one other enviornment may be persevered or mastered. the idea that of the sector of convenience highlights the adolescent's lively function within the developmental approach, as youth hunt down and trade among contexts that supply problem and people who supply solace. via offering social help, a convenience area strengthens the younger individual in order that demanding situations in different lifestyles spheres may be handled. This booklet makes use of facts from 1,000 youngsters to handle key questions derived from the "arena of convenience" thesis: within which arenas in their lives do teens in general locate convenience? Does the adventure of convenience range through gender, socioeconomic point, and different dimensions of social heritage? Do assets of convenience swap because the adolescent strikes via highschool? Do teens regularly locate convenience in exactly one or or in numerous arenas? the place are they probably to adventure this confident, cozy nation? Are youth who locate convenience in a better variety of arenas at an advantage, by way of their psychological future health and fulfillment, than those who find themselves cozy in fewer contexts? Are a few arenas extra consequential for adolescent adjustment than others? Can an enviornment of convenience in a single surroundings, actually, buffer the results of tense reviews in one other context? the result of this examine point out that making teens' contexts extra supportive and comfy can be mirrored in superior psychological future health and success. This booklet should be of curiosity to all practitioners and researchers keen on the psychological well-being of teenagers.
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Extra info for Arenas of Comfort in Adolescence: A Study of Adjustment in Context (Research Monographs in Adolescence Series)
Time spent with friends is typically spent having fun, participating in leisure activities, talking, or simply “hanging out” (Savin-Williams & Berndt, 1990). Conversations with friends tend to involve lighter topics than discussions with parents, such as leisure activities, relationships, gossip, and, of course, themselves (Csikszentmihalyi & Larson, 1984). , 1982; Coleman, 1961; Entwistle, 1990; Ogbu, 1985). Girls’ relationships with friends appear to be based more strongly on intimacy and disclosure, whereas boys’ friendships are characterized as more activity based (Savin-Williams & Berndt, 1990).
The majority of 10th graders (approximately 66%) report manageable time pressures with regard to coursework and are described as comfortable. Peer Comfort. Comfort in the peer group is indicated by a report that one has a friend (or friends) to turn to for support and understanding when things get rough (Ross & Mirowsky, 1987). This measure assesses whether the adolescent has at least one friend of similar age that can be counted on for support with some degree of certainty. Here, the term peer implies similarity in age and more freedom of choice in affiliation on the adolescent’s part than is probably true of relationships in the family and school domains (Savin-Williams & Berndt, 1990).
That is, the more multifaceted a person’s view of the self and the more distinct these aspects of the self, the more likely that person will be able to maintain positive feelings about some social roles or relationships. In turn, these positive feelings can act as a buffer against negative happenings or thoughts about other specific aspects of the self. In contrast, the more simple the person’s self-rep- THE CONSEQUENCES OF INVOLVEMENT IN MULTIPLE CONTEXTS 19 resentation and the more that aspects of the self are linked, the more extreme the reaction to negative events and the more likely this negativity will spill over to other self-related dimensions.