Download Assessment of Environmental Impact by Grocery Shopping Bags: by Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li PDF

By Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Yi Li

This ebook experiences the producing methods of other procuring baggage used for grocery reasons, existence cycle affects, modelling of existence cycle affects, carbon and eco-footprints in several nations, intake of purchasing luggage in numerous nations, customer behaviour of buying luggage in a number of nations and its relation to eco-impact, review of performance of buying baggage, thought and framework of eco-functional evaluation of buying baggage, biodegradation of buying baggage, etc.

Show description

Read Online or Download Assessment of Environmental Impact by Grocery Shopping Bags: An Eco-Functional Approach PDF

Best assessment books

Online Assessment, Measurement And Evaluation: Emerging Practices

This booklet presents a view of the chances and demanding situations dealing with on-line educators and evaluators within the twenty first century--Provided by means of writer.

Reassesing Gender and Achievement: Questioning Contemporary Key Debates

Hard present theories approximately gender and fulfillment, this e-book assesses the problems at stake and analyses the coverage drives and altering perceptions of gender on which the 'gender and success' debates are established. This new topical book guides the reader throughout the varied theories and ways, drawing jointly and reviewing paintings on gender and academic functionality.

Nanotribology: Critical Assessment and Research Needs

Nanotribology: serious review and learn wishes is a superb reference for either educational and commercial researchers operating within the fields of nanotechnology, tribology, mechanical engineering, fabrics technology and engineering, MEMS, NEMS, magnetic recording, and biomedical units. it is going to even be of curiosity to these pursuing scanning probe microscopy, nanoimaging, mesomanufacturing, sensors, actuators, aerospace, safeguard (controllers, microsystems), and army structures.

Extra info for Assessment of Environmental Impact by Grocery Shopping Bags: An Eco-Functional Approach

Example text

The equation for the calculation of ADP is as follows [41]: X Abiotic Depletion ¼ ADPi à mi ð3:4Þ i The indicator result is expressed in kg of the reference resource antimony. ADPi is the Abiotic Depletion Potential of resource i, while mi (kg, except for natural gas and fossil energy) is the quantity of resource i used. 12. 13. The equations for the calculation of carbon footprint (GWP100), ozone depletion potential, human toxicity for air, fresh water, sea water, agricultural soil and industrial soil are as follows [41]: Carbon Footprint Climate Change ¼ X GWPa;i à mi ð3:5Þ i The indicator result is expressed in kg of the reference substance, CO2.

A large number of studies have been conducted to explore the life cycle impacts created by various shopping bags [25–37]. Most of the studies focused on plastic and paper bags, but very little focus on LCA has been given for nonwoven and woven bags [38]. Life cycle inventory details for various types of grocery bags collected after investigation of various secondary data sources and a further life cycle impact and eco-fucntional assessment of different grocery bags will be dealt with in the forthcoming chapters.

5 Manufacturing process of nonwoven bags—sewing technology Product A [39] Oil Acquisition & Refining Cracking Polypropylene Thermal Attachment Polypropylene Chips Screen Printing Spunbonding Cutting Fig. 6 Manufacturing process of nonwoven bags—thermal attachment Product B [39] operation can be replaced by a thermal technology with the aid of a patented method used by this factory, where very high temperature is used as a means to achieve this operation. Since it is a technology patented by the industry, where the field study took place, details of this technology cannot be disclosed here in accordance with the request of the industrial partners.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.68 of 5 – based on 31 votes