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Extra resources for Assessment of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Studies Program : Vol. 2: Ecology.

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L. 92-352). History of the Environmental Studies Program DOI established its ESP in 1973, in large part to comply with the requirements of NEPA. 5% of the total cumulative federal offshore oil and gas revenue of $90 billion. Funding for the program has averaged $30 million per year, but has recently declined to approximately $20 million per year (MMS, 1987c). Most studies are performed by contractors to DOI (MMS, 1988a). C. ), MMS has an office for each of four regions: Alaska, Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Atlantic.

MMS officials have also indicated that they are taking into account recommendations in the two recent reports mentioned above. The Ecology Panel divided into three working groups to address the main issues of ecological concern in OCS development: marine birds, mammals, turtles, and endangered species, benthic processes, and fisheries and ecosystems. Because different ecosystem components require differences in study design, the sections of this report that deal with the different ecosystem components are not exactly parallel in form or equal in length.

Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. PRINCIPLES OF ASSESSMENT 30 Different Approaches for Different Species Groups The roles of the allocation of important resources and of survivorship have received most of the attention of ecologists who study pelagic and benthic communities; in contrast, the causes and ramifications of recruitment phenomena have received most of the attention of fisheries biologists. Studies of birds and mammals have emphasized descriptions of individual behavior, distribution, and population parameters.

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